The Battle of Uhud is the second most essential battle in early Islamic history. According to the Islamic calendar, it was fought on the 3rd Shawwal 3 AH. The Uhud war took place in the valley of Mount Uhud near Madinah. In the battle, Muslims in the Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) army defended themselves against the raiding Quraish army. The Muslims had an initial edge under the leadership of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). However, they lost to the enemy for leaving their posts and celebrating the victory too early. Today, the battlefield of Uhud is open for pilgrims and tourists to experience the religious values of the field.
The Battle of Uhud Causes
Before the battle of Uhud took place, Muslims and Quraish tribes challenged each other at the Battle of Badr. The Quraish army that charged into the Battle of Badr was massive and had an enormous reserve, with better logistics. Despite this, they lost seventy soldiers and leaders while seventy became hostages in single-day combat. The Quraishites were adamant about not admitting defeat. The Quraishites mobilized three thousand fighters for the Uhud Battle to avenge their defeat, compared to 900+ in the Battle of Badr. They marched towards Mount Uhud, Madinah, intending to demolish the Muslims and their faith.
Armies in Jung e Uhud
Quraish tribe waged war against the Muslims in the Battle of Uhud. Abu Sufyan was the de facto head of the Quraish. The Quraish army was equipped with 3,000 infantry, 3,000 camels, and 200 horsemen. The Muslims had 700 infantry, 50 archers, and 4 horsemen. The army was led by leaders like Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), Hazrat Ali, Al-Hamzah, and Abu Dujanh. The Quraishi Makkans, with an army of 3,000 strong men, charged toward Madinah under the leadership of Abu Sufyan ibn Harb.
The Islamic army benefited greatly from Mount Uhud’s strategic and topographical advantages. It provided Muslims with a structural defence. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) stationed 50 archers on Mount Uhud. This was done to ensure that the Muslims fighting below would have their backs shielded and that the opposing force would be unable to attack them from behind. Regardless of the scenario, he commanded and demanded that these marksmen never leave their posts. Hence, the Muslim Army offered three lines of defence on the battlefield.
The Uhud Battle Summary
The Battle of Uhud took place on Saturday, March 23 625 AD in the valley of Mount Uhud, Madinah, Saudi Arabia. The Makkan army took up position in front of the Muslim lines, with Abu Sufyan in command of the main faction. Ikrimah ibn Abu Jahl led the left and right flanks. ‘Amr ibn al-‘As, the cavalry commander, was in charge of organizing the attack among the cavalry wings. Abu’ Amir permitted to launch the first assault. After being halted by a stone shower from the Muslims, Abu’ Amir and his forces were forced to withdraw behind the Makkan lines.
The Makkan leader, Talhah ibn Abi Talhah al-‘Abdari, went ahead and challenged the Muslims to a duel. Consequentially, Muhammad’s cousin, Ali ibn Abi Talib, dashed forward and knocked Talhah out with a single strike. Talhah ibn Abi Talhah al-‘Abdari’s family was in charge of the Makkan army’s standard-bearing. Therefore, Talhah’s brothers and sons went out one by one to rescue the Makkan banner and battled valiantly until they all died. After the duels, the two armies engaged in a general battle. But, as Muslims stormed through the Makkan ranks, the Quraish confidence began to crumble swiftly.
Battle of Uhud Results
As the Muslims gained pace, they quickly conquered the opposing forces, causing the Muslim army to gain morale. However, as the Muslims successfully forced the Makkans to retreat, a flaw in the marksmen was discovered. The marksmen who were stationed on Mount Uhud’s slope fled to the battlefield. They disobeyed the seniors’ commands because of their immense pride. The Makkan army took advantage of the situation and began to round the mountain, attacking the Muslims from behind. This left Muslims unaware and perplexed. Unfortunately, many Muslims fled the battle, leaving the Prophet and his faithful friends and believers behind. Many Muslims were slaughtered in the Battle of Uhud due to this defiant act, and the Muslims were unable to defeat their foe.
Abu Sufyan decided to return to Makkah rather than re-attacking the injured Muslims of Madinah. Scholars suggest that the Muslims were defeated in the fight because they suffered more setbacks than the Makkans. However, Muhammad and his army returned home that evening after burying the dead bodies on the battlefield. The Makkans retired to Hamra al-Asad, a few kilometers outside Madinah, for the evening. Muhammad dispatched a small group the following day to scout the Makkan army on their way home. According to Watt, Muhammad did this because he knew that a display of power was essential to drive the Makkans out of the Medinan territory.
Suggested Read: Mount Uhud: Battlefield, History, Things To Do, Hadith And Facts
Battle of Uhud: Quick Summary
- The Battle of Uhud took place in the north of Mount Uhud’s valley on Saturday, March 23 625 AD.
- During the Muslim–Quraysh War, the Battle Of Uhud was the only fight in which the Muslims were unable to vanquish their adversary.
- The primary goal of the Battle of Uhud was to assassinate Prophet Muhammad and destroy Islam.
- The Islamic army benefited greatly from Mount Uhud’s strategic and topographical advantages (the battleground). It provided Muslims with a structural defence.
Lessons from The Battle of Uhud
1. Obeying The Leader: Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) asked the guardians of the hill not to depart on their own, but they did, with disastrous consequences. Even the most powerful leader, like Prophet Muhammad, will not be able to save their pupils if they are disobedient to him. The leader and the followers are both necessary for victory.
2. Being Muslim Doesn’t Assure Victory: The character and actions of an individual determine the outcome of a battle. These attributes can decide the victory or defeat in a battle regardless of circumstances.
Even after many years, the Battle of Uhud is still a significant chapter in Islamic history. Mount Uhud is currently one of the most famous mountains in the Arabian Peninsula. Because of its Islamic past, it attracts numerous visitors. Muslims visit the battlefield of Uhud to witness the historical legacy, graveyards of the soldiers, and the picturesque terrain of Mount Uhud. They also climb the peak to view Uhud’s battlefield. Hiking and rock climbing are among the thrilling activities conducted here. In addition, it houses Ghar Uhud, the cave where Muhammad took refuge after the battle. There is also a mosque present in the valley of the mountain Uhud.
The Battle Of Uhud FAQs
What was the reason behind the Uhud Battle?
Quraish tribe wanted to avenge their loss at Battle of Badr; hence, launched a full-scale war on Muslims in Battle of Uhud.
When did the Battle of Uhud end?
The Battle of Uhud ended on March 23, 625 AD.
Where did the Battle of Uhud take place?
The Battle of Uhud took place in the valley of a mountain Uhud located in Madinah, Saudi Arabia.
Who fought the battle of Uhud?
The Battle of Uhud was fought between the Quraish and the Muslims.
What was the strength of Quraish soldiers in the Battle of Uhud?
Around 3000 Quraish soldiers attacked the Muslims in Uhud.